For question 1-3
Durmg the 1980’s, unemployment and underemployment in some countries have been as high as 90%. Some countries do not produce enough food; basic needs in housing and clothing are unmet. Many of these countries look to the industrial processes of the developed nations for Solutions to these problems.
But the problems are not always solved this way. The industries of the developed nations is highly automated and very expensive. It provides fewer jobs than non-automated industrial processes, and highly skilled workers are needed to maintain and repair the equipment. These workers must be trained, but many nations do not have the necessary training institutions. Thus, the cost of importing industry becomes higher. Students must be sent abroad to receive vocational and professional training. Often, just to begin training, the students must first learn English, French, German, or Japanese. The students then spend many years abroad, and some do not return home.
All nations agree that Science and technology should be shared. However, countries adopting the industrial processes of the developed nations need to look carefully at the costs. Many of these costs are hidden. Students from these nations should study the problems of the industrialized countries closely. With care, they will take home not the problems of Science and technology, but the benefits.
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